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Chiropractic Biophysics (CBP) ®

Structure Dictates Function

Posture and Health

  • Posture and normal physiology are interrelated
  • Posture affects and moderates every physiological function from breathing to hormonal production.
  • Abnormal posture is evident in patients with chronic and stress related illnesses.
  • Homeostasis and nervous system function are ultimately connected with posture.
  • Despite the considerable evidence that posture affects physiology and function, the significant influence on posture and health is not addressed by most allopathic (medical) physicians.

American Journal of Pain Management

The vertebra of the spine protects the central nervous system. Because the spinal column is moveable, it is also susceptible to various stresses and forces, which can cause them to lose their proper structural position. These minor misalignments of the spine, known as “vertebral subluxations” inhibit normal spinal movement, which causes NERVE INTERFERENCE resulting in decreased nervous system output, function, improper healing and accelerated aging. Subluxations also alter the optimal structure of the spine, which weakens it and increases degeneration. Vertebral subluxations are often referred to as the “Silent Killer” because they can be present for long periods without any evidence of pain or symptoms. This is similar to a cavity eating away at a tooth.

Any force that the human body cannot adapt to can cause a vertebral subluxation. Such examples include auto accidents (including minor ones i.e. “fender benders”), work related injuries, stress, sports, poor ergonomics, repetitive movements and even the birth process. Vertebral subluxations are devastating to a person’s health and longevity and are well documented by leading health authorities.

U ntil 1980, the majority of chiropractors were attempting to adjust single vertebral subluxations with specific line of drive. While a few upper cervical techniques could demonstrate some before and after x-ray changes, in general, the adjusting of single vertebra did not result in x-ray changes (except in acute antalgic postures). In March 1980, Dr. Don Harrison (PhD, Mathematician, Mechanical Engineer, and Doctor of Chiropractic) originated postural set-ups that he coined “Mirror Image”®. Clinically these adjusting set-ups were found to result in postural and x-ray changes. While others have used engineering concepts to describe all vertebral segmental movements as rotations and translations in 3-dimensions, Dr. Don Harrison was the first to describe abnormal postures of the head, rib cage, and pelvis in this manner.

“Better than 90 percent of the energy output of the brain is used in relating to the physical body in its gravitational field. The more mechanically distorted a person is, the less energy available for thinking, metabolism and healing."

- Dr. Roger Sperry, Nobel Laureate

spinal-alignment.jpgMany in chiropractic are turning away from structural outcomes of care to concentrate on pain reduction, improved ranges of motion (ROM), and other functional outcomes. In contrast, CBP® emphasizes optimal posture and spinal alignment as the primary goal of chiropractic care, while still maintaining improvements in pain and functional based outcomes . CBP® research on this topic, based on averages of normal subjects, has been published in some of the most prestigious orthopedic journals in the Index Medicus. CBP® has published normal shapes, normal global angles, and normal segmental angles for each of the sagittal spinal regions (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar). These are “evidence based” models. In fact, the CBP sagittal lumbar elliptical model and the sagittal circular cervical model have been found to have predictive validity in as much as they can discriminate between normal subjects, acute pain subjects, and chronic pain subjects.

“The quality of healing is directly proportional to the functional capability of the central nervous system to send and receive nerve messages .”

-Janson Edwards, MD. PhD

Global Subluxations (postural) and segment Subluxations (spinal) cause an increase in spinal loads (compressive and shear) and spinal stresses. Due to the increased muscle effort required to stabilize abnormal postural/spinal displacements, the actual increase in load on the spine is much greater than merely the displacement itself. The presence of mechanosensitive (position sense) and nociceptive afferent fibers (pain/noxious sense) in spinal tissues (intervertebral, disc, facet, ligaments, and muscles), and the subsequent neurophysiological research demonstrating the role of such afferent stimulation in pain production, and coordinated neuromuscular stabilization of the spine all provide a substantial theoretical framework supporting the rationale for goals of treatment regimens to include a reduction of stresses on spinal joints in spinal rehabilitation programs.

“Subluxations are very real. We have documented it to the extent that no one can dispute their existence. Vertebral Subluxations change the entire health of the body by causing structural dysfunction of the spine and nerve interference. The weight of a quarter on a spinal nerve will decrease nerve transmission by as much as 60 percent.”

-Chang Ha Suh, PhD

vertebral-sublimations.jpgIn his texts and journal articles, famous neurosurgeon Alf Breig reviewed the Adverse Mechanical Tensions on the Central Nervous System from abnormal postural loads. Most doctors are aware of the traction on the hindbrain, cranial nerves 5-12, cervical cord, and spinal nerve roots from flexion of the head and neck, which can be correlated to kyphotic (reverse curve) cervical configurations. However, few have read Breig’s work in sufficient detail to realize that he investigated a multitude of different postures and their adverse affects on the central nervous system (CNS). In 1999, Harrison et al. authored a series of reviews of the literature on deformations of the CNS from postural loads. It is obvious from these references that abnormal posture affects the nervous system, i.e. abnormal posture is a type of subluxation as it has the necessary two components of spinal misalignment and NERVE INTERFERENCE.

“The beginning of the disease process starts with postural distortions.”

-Dr. Hans Seyle, Nobel Laureate

In 2002, Koch et al. described the circumstances consistent with the deliverance of a chiropractic spinal adjustment as “an asymmetry in the horizontal (front) and sagittal (side) planes of body posture and motion.” Such asymmetries in posture and motion adversely affect the nervous system through several mechanisms, as follows :

  1. Abnormal afferent input (“bad in”) into the central nervous system. Abnormal afferent input into the central nervous system has been linked to (“bad out”) sudden infant death syndrome, balance problems, visual disturbances, tinnitus (ringing in the ear), imbalance between sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, and impaired development of the pediatric central nervous system.
  2. Tethering (adverse prolonged stretching) of the central nervous system. This results in spinal cord ischemia (lack of blood flow) and consequently motor, sensory, and autonomic neurological dysfunction. Tethering of the spinal cord has been linked to demylenating diseases.
  3. Electrical dysfunction of the nerve transmission through stress generated potentials from bone (streaming potentials and piezoelectricity). Electrical nerve interference has been linked to altered expression of one’s DNA.
  4. Associated accelerated degenerative spinal joint pathology will eventually adversely affect the nervous system mechanically.

All of these influences on the nervous system in items #1-#4 involve the sympathetic arm of the autonomic nervous system. IT IS ESTABLISHED that the sympathetic nervous system is THE PRIMARY CONTROLLING FACTOR IN IMMUNITY . Consequently, uncorrected asymmetries in posture and motion adversely impact the individual’s health and well-being .

“Subluxation alone is a rational reason for Chiropractic care throughout a lifetime from birth”

-Dr. Lee Hadley, Syracuse Memorial Hospital

 

The goal of CBP® technique is to correct these asymmetries to the greatest degree, minimizing spinal degeneration, improving neurological dysfunction, and enhancing systemic health .

Not only is CBP® a primary technique practiced by a large number of practitioners, it is a leader in the chiropractic research arena dedicated to the development, refinement, and study of structural rehabilitative procedures for the human spine.

CBP® Published Research
More than all other Chiropractic techniques combined!!

Published

In Press

In Review

In Preparation

Index Medicus

JMPT

49

1

2

SPINE

(The world’s most prestigious Orthopedic Medical Journal)

7

1

1

European Spine Journal

6

1

Clinical Biomechanics

5

1

1

Journal Spinal Disorders Tech.

3

Archives Physical Medicine and Rehab.

3

1

Journal Orthopedic Research

1

Journal of Electromyo and Kinesiology

1

J. Rehab Research & Development

1

Clinical Anatomy

1

1

Spine Journal

1

J. Biomechanics

1

1

JOSPT

1

J. of Chiropractic & Osteopathy

1

CINAHL

J. of Canadian Chiro. Assoc.

2

Chiropractic Technique

6

J. of Chiropractic Education

4

TOTALS

91

2

4

7

Besides Dr. Don Harrison, MSE, PhD, DC, the non-for profit CBP® research team includes: Burt Holland, PhD (statistician from Temple University), Rene Cailliet, MD (world's most renown Physiatrist), Stacy Harmon, DC, MD (Emergency Medicine in California), Tad Janik, PhD, MSE (Mathematical modeling, Alabama), Tony Keller, PhD (Mechanical Engineer, University of Vermont), Bill Jones, PhD (Mechanical Engineer Mississippi State University), Martin Normand, PhD, DC (Professor & Director of Chiropractic Program at University of Quebec a Trois Rivieres), Rob Moore, PhD (Australian Anatomist), Robert Gunzburg, MD, PhD (Orthopedist in Netherlands), Chris Colloca, DC (Arizona), Deed Harrison, DC (Nevada), Paul Oakley, MS, DC (Ontario Canada), Jason Haas, DC (Colorado), Joe Ferrantelli, DC (Florida), Denise Perron, DC (Quebec, Canada), and Joe Betz, DC (Idaho).

The Doctor of the future will give no medicine, but will interest his patients in the care of the human frame, in diet and in the cause and prevention of disease.”

-Thomas Edison

Get knowledge of the spine, for this is the requisite for many diseases."

-Hippocrates ( 460-370 B.C.)